More than 100 000 inhabitants.
Shakhrisabz is the second largest city after with its area and population. The administrative center of the region and Kashkadarya (since 1926) is Karshi city. The town is an administrative, economic and cultural center of the Shakhrisabz disctrict.
The city (Green city) is located in an oasis between the Tanxos River from the south and the Oksay from the north, the altitude is 658 meters above sea level. 410 km from Tashkent.
The climate is continental with a hot summer and mild winter. The normal temperature in July is + 28°C. The highest temperature is +43°C.The average temperature in January is -1°C, the lowest temperature is -26°C.
The population is composed of Uzbeks, Tajiks, Russians, Tatars and representatives of other nationalities.
Shakhrisabz is also one of the most ancient cities of Central Asia, like Samarkand and Bukhara. Shakhrisabz is a center of culture and science, the city of scientists, merchants and handicrafts. It is the homeland of the founder of one the biggest empires which ever controlled the commercial Silk Road, whose name was Amir Timour.
The name of the city appeared for the first time in history on coins of Shakhrisabz minted in 1351. At the beginning of the 15th century, the city had castle walls with four gates which were later destroyed. In the 16th century, the walls and gates were restored.
During its long history, this green city has changed its name several times. Shakhrisabz was “Gava Sugda” The city of Sogd, “Nautaka” new city, “Kesh” – soul amusing city.
The town, which has witnessed Persian, Greek, Turkish, Arab and Mongol invasion, was one of the biggest crossroads on the Great Silk Road. In the fourth century BC, after a Greek invasion the city was called Nautaka, after an Arab invasion in the 8th century the town was the center of the resistance against the Arabs for 25 years. In the 9th century a part of Samanidis kingdom, at the beginning of the 13th century Shakhrisabz was completely destroyed by the Mongols. In the 14th to 15th centuries, Amir Temur and Ulugbek`s period was the golden era of the city. During this period the town received a name “Qubbatul ilm val adab”( The dome of science). In fact, this city of great thinkers, of art, culture and science was one of the most developed sites in the world and contributed to the development of civilization. Today, Shakhrisabz, with its spiritual values, is a place of ancient and holy sites.
The ancestors of the greatest poets of the East like Husrav Dahlawî, Bedil, Mirzo Galib lived in this town.
In 2002, 27 historical and architectural monuments of Shahrisabz were included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage list.
Amir Temur’s largest Ak-Saray`s (White Palace) ruins of Dor-ut-Tilovat and Dar-us-Siadat complexes, Gumbazi Sayidon, (The dome of Saeeds) Sheikh Shamseddin Kulal, Jahangir Mirza mausoleums, Hazrat Imam, Kuk Gumbaz ( Blue dome), Abdushukur oghalik, Eshonipir and Kunduzak mosques Chubin madrassah and Chorsu tell us the history and stories of the town.