NUKUS

More than 260 000 inhabitants.

The Capital of the autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan, Nukus is located on the right bank of  the Amu Darya river.

The climate is continental, with dry and hot summers, cold and dry winters. The normal July temperature is +27°C. The highest temperature is +43°C. In January, the average temperature is -7°C, the lowest temperature is -35°C.

1088 km from Tashkent.

The population consists of Karakalpak, Russian, Uzbek, Tatar, Korean and other ethnic groups.

The name of Nukus means ‘9 sons’. According to legend, a Khorezmian governor was very angry with his wives and exiled them to the present territory of Nukus with an order not to marry again. There, the wives married traders, and nine sons born from them founded this city. So, the Karakalpak nation comes from 9 exiled wives from the haram of khan. 

Also there is another version that Nukus came from the Karakalpak clans.

In the 1860s, in place of Nukus city there was a small Nukus village. At the beginning of the 20th century, Nukus village became one of the largest settlements on the right bank of the Amu Darya.

On 12 November 1930, the capital of the Karakalpakstan Autonomous Republic was changed from Turtkul to Nukus. Since 1932, Nukus has city status. The administration of the Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan moved to Nukus in 1939.

The most popular attraction for tourists is a Museum with the name of the famous Igor Savetsskiy, considered  the “Louvre of the desert “, the “miracle of the desert” founded in 1966, where there are more than 280 exhibits.

There is the unique yurt factory, Karakalpak University, the Pedagogical Institute, 45 schools, 2 2 sports and music schools, vocational colleges and high schools, libraries and cultural centers in Nukus.

For its contribution to the economic and social development of the country, Nukus was awarded the “Friendship” award on September 11, 2003, on the occasion of the 70th anniversary.

Since Independence, the Republic is an  Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan.