MARGILAN

The population is 185 000.

The city is located in the Ferghana region, in the southern part of the Ferghana Valley at the foot of the Altai Mountains, 475 meters above sea level. 12 km from of Ferghana, 350 km from Tashkent.

The climate is continental, with hot summers and mild winters. + 25-26°C are normal temperatures in July. The highest temperature is +42°C. -4°C is normal cold in January, the lowest temperature is -26°C.

The population is mainly composed of Uzbeks, Russians, Tatars and representatives of other nationalities. The first information about the city appeared in sources of the 10th century. In that period, the city was called “Marg’inon” and later became Marghilan. There is no clear information about the origin of the name of this silk production center. Some specialists say that it comes from the name (Maysazor) “lawn”, others says Marghilan from the words “Murg’ and non” (Han and bread). There are many legends about the name of the city of Margilan. One of them is related to the invasion of Alexander the Great. Historically, it is proven that Alexander passed from Khujand to Uzgen and back and twice visited this city. Legend tells the following: the local people, having learnt about the visit of Iskander (Alexandre), prepared to meet him. One of the elders advised meeting guests with chicken and bread, and that was done. After the feast, Alexander the Great asked the name of the dish. He replied: “Murginon” which means chicken with bread. On the way back, he again tasted this dish, then called this area “Murginon.” , later it became Marghilan. According to historical sources, the city was founded in 883.

According to archaeological data, Marghilan has existed since the beginning of AD.  In the 10th century it was a big village, in the 12th century it was a part of Karakhanites.

Located on the Great Silk Road, Marghilan was a large commercial city with 12 gates. Local people had been weaving silk there for a long time and they made Marghilan famous all over the world with their silk production. Marghilan silk fabric was bought largely by Egyptian, Iranian, Greek and Kashgarian traders. In different later periods, this city of craftsmen was a part of Timurid`s empire, Shaybanids State, and till the middle of the 19th century was a part of the Kokand Khanate. During 1876-1924, it became one of the largest cities of the Ferghana region.

Marghilan was home to the most famous law scientist (fikh) of the Islamic world, Burhanuddin Marghinoniy, who wrote the main program in jurisprudence “Al-Hidaya”. The city also gave the world the famous Uzbek poet – Uvaysiy.

In the 20th century, in the territory of what is now CIS they founded the only Institute of Silk and a silk factory which is still operating.

There are 35 schools, 2 music schools, several lyceums and colleges, 12 libraries, 6 Houses of Culture, the Cultural Museum, the Yuldash Okhunboboev Memorial Museum, the Nurhan National Theatre, the National city park, 3 children’s sports schools in the city.

What is there to see?

The “Al-Hidaya” memorial complex, the Pir Siddiq mausoleum (18th century), the Khoja Maghiz mausoleum (18th century), the Toronbozor mosques (beginning of the 20th century), the Saïdahmad Khoja Ishan Madrassah (19th century), the Khanaga Mosque (16th century) were preserved as national heritage sites.