The population is 215 000.
The city of the Ferghana region is located in the western part of the Ferghana Valley, on the lower banks of the Soghd river. 240 km from Tashkent.
The climate is continental, with hot summers and mild winters. The normal July temperature is +22-24°C. The highest temperature during the summer period is +42°C. In January, a normal cold temperature is -4°C, the lowest temperature is -26°C.
The population is composed of Uzbeks, Russians, Tajiks and Kyrghyzian.
They think that the city is more than 2000 years old, but the first information about the city appeared in the 10th century.
There are various assumptions about the etymology of the city. For example, Istakhri and Ibn Haukali recall in their books the name “Havoqand” which means- “beautiful”, “agreeable” or “wind city”. Over the centuries, the term “Huvqandi Kind,” was also used, together with Kokand (the city on the hill).
The ancient Chinese texts give the names “Guyshan”, “Huvkhan”. There is not enough information about the political history of the city till the 18th century.
Kokand, located on the Great Silk Road caravan route from China to India, was completely destroyed by the Mongols in the 13th century and it was like a small settlement for people till the 18th century.
At the beginning of the 18th century, this city became a beautiful capital of Kokand khanate till the second half of the 19th century.
The new governor, Khans of Kokand, wanted to legitimize their monarchy rule of the khanate through a connection with the Timurid dynasty (ruled 1370–1506). From the time of the last Timurids to that of the first Khans of Kokand there was a period of more than two hundred years. Faced with this situation, the Khans connected their genealogy with Babur (who created the Empire of Mogols in India 1526) through a legendary figure, “Altun Bishik”. In the legend, a baby of Babur’s family was left in a bishik (cradle) when Babur had to leave the territory of Transoxiana. The child was named Altun Bishik (Golden cradle), in l sources he has appeared as a historic figure.Wth the legend of this baby began the Khans of Kokand founded by his descendant Shokhrukh.
In place of the old fortress, the city was restored again in 1711. Since that time, the city with surrounding wall and 12 gates has been called Kokand.
In the 19th century, Kokand became the largest trade, handicraft, science, culture, literature and arts center. Sculptures, jewelry, ceramics, embroidery, iron products, and especially Kokand materials produced in the city, were very popular in Russia and in the East.
Paper production was also very important for Kokand. As Russian naturalist Fedchenko says, paper produced in Kokand was of the highest quality in Central Asia.
Since independence, the city of Kokand has become one of the most beautiful cities in the country. There is the Kokand Pedagogical Institute, there are 15 colleges and academic lyceums, music and art schools, 45 schools, 19 libraries, 6 museums, a Drama Theatre, 4 children’s sport schools and 3 school stadiums in Kokand.
In addition Kokand, is the birthplace of Uzbek football. The first football team, called Kokand 1912, was founded in 1912.
What is there to see?
Khudayarkhan Palace (19th century, now a regional museum), the Juma mosque (19th century), Norbutabiy (18th century), Kamolkozi (20th century), madrassahs, Dasturkhonchi (19th century, the madrassah for the girls), the Modarikhan mausoleum (19th century) and Dakhmai Shokhon (19th century) complex.