The population is 230 000.

Ferghana is the region’s administrative, economic and cultural center. The city is located in the southern part of the Ferghana Valley, at the foot of the Altai Mountains, at an altitude of 580 meters above sea level.

The climate is continental, with an average annual temperature of +13°C. In January, the average temperature is -3°C. The lowest temperature is -27°C. In July the normal temperature is +27°C. The highest temperature is +42°C.

319 km from Tashkent.

The population consists of Uzbeks, Tajiks, Russians, Tatars and representatives of other nationalities.

Before the 13th century, “Ferghana” was called in Sogdian language “Parghana”, “Praghana”, in Sanskrit language it had a  meaning “small region”, in Persian “the valley between the mountains”, and “confined valley”.

In 1876, the Russian Empire finished the Khanate of Kokand, and they ordered a new administrative center to be built 12 km from Marghilan in place of the villages Yormozor, Shiringan and Sim. The construction of Ferghana began in June 1877. Governor General M.Skobelev gave the name to the city a (New Marghilan). The construction was finished in 1904.

New city is located on the left shores of the Marg’ilonsoy river. In 1907, the city changed the name to Skobelev and in 1924 it took the name of Ferghana.

Ferghana has been the administrative center of the Ferghana region since 1938. The greenest city in Uzbekistan over the years of independence has changed its appearance. Its wide streets, green parks are relaxing for tourists seeking shade from the hot sun.

This city was the home of a scientist (Ahmed al-Ferghani) who made a great contribution to science, known as the West Alfraganus great geographer, astronomer and mathematician. He built the nilometr – the first measuring tool of the water level in the Nile River, and created the first map of the world.

Ferghana now has become one of the largest centers of science and culture in the country. There are 2 palaces of culture, 28 libraries, 41 schools, 5 art and music schools, 3 academic lyceums, 20 professional colleges, a University, the Polytechnical Institute, a branch of the Tashkent Medical Institute, a branch of the Tashkent University of Information Technologies, a Regional Museum, a Musical Drama Theatre, the Russian Drama Theatre, a puppet theater, and youth and culture parks in Ferghana.