Uzbekistan is a sunny and resource-rich region. Very kind, generous, hospitable people live in this wonderful country.
Since ancient times, Uzbekistan has been the crossroads of caravan routes, a connecting link between countries and people, and the meeting place of languages, cultures and civilizations. The Great Silk Road that passed through Central Asia connected China, India, Iran, and the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean countries.
During its long history, the Uzbek people have been through a lot: ups and downs, the wars of empires and ethnical migration. All these historical events are reflected in the architecture and in the souls of the people.
The hot sands of the great Kyzylkum desert and lifeless steppe areas have flowering oases where cotton and grapes, figs and rice, and the most delicious Mirzachul melons and grapes in the world are grown. The most important particularity of Uzbek fruit and vegetables is their natural smell: enjoy the heady aroma and the taste of sliced melon and watermelon, crunchy cucumbers, peaches, apricots, quinces!
Architectural sights of Uzbekistan are ancient cities with a long history: Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva. Making a trip to Uzbekistan means plunging into the past. Touristic infrastructure has grown fast in recent years, offering tourists not only Oriental exoticism and picturesque scenery, but also Western standards of service.
Uzbekistan is situated in the heart of Central Asia between the two rivers of Amudarya and Syrdarya.
Area: 448,900 sq.km.
The length of the territory from east to west is 1425 km, from north to south 930 km. Uzbekistan has common borders with Kazakhstan from the north (2203 km), with Kirghizstan from the east and south-east (1099km), with Tajikistan from the south east (1161 km), with Turkmenistan from the south west (1621 km) and with Afghanistan from the south (137 km).
The highest point from sea level is Khazrat Sultan 4643,3 m, (Hissar mountain range).
The lowest point from sea level is a saline Kolotay in a cavity Mingbulak ( Kyzylkum desert).
The population exceeds 30 million, 37 % is urban and 63 % rural. A normal density is 60 persons per sq.km. Uzbekistan has the 39th largest population in the world, and more than 140 different nationalities live here. The biggest ethnical groups are Uzbeks (81.7%), Russians (5.5%), Tadjiks (5%), Kazaks (5%), Karakalpaks (2%), Tatars (1.5%).
Average life expectancy: 73.3
Administrative-territorial division: 12 regions, autonomous Republic of Karakalpakistan, and Tashkent city.
The capital is Tashkent with a population of more than 3.02 million people.
The religion: 88% of the population is Muslim Sunnite, 9% is Christian, 3% have various other religions and confessions. Uzbekistan is a secular country.
National State language is Uzbek; Russian is the second important language.
National currency: Sum (1 Sum = 100 tiyin)
Time zone: UTC/GMT + 5
Climate: hot, dry and extreme continental. The northern part of Uzbekistan has a temperate climate, the southern part is subtropical. Daylight in summer lasts 15 hours, in winter 9 hours. The coldest period is January. A normal temperature in December is – 8° in the north and 0° in the south. The hottest period is July when the temperature is normally 35° but can reach 45°. The most favorable period for travel to Uzbekistan is from March till the end of June and from September till the end of November.
Nature’s contrasts – deserts and green valleys, snowy mountains and plateaus, rivers and ponds. A major of the territory is in the Turkestan plain. The growth of mountains contributed to the aridity of the climate and the Kyzylkum, Karakum deserts appeared. Mountains and plateaus take up 1/5 of the territory of Uzbekistan. A high level of seismicity is typical for Uzbekistan, but strong earthquakes are rare for this region.
Natural resources: In Uzbekistan there are rich mines of non-ferrous and rare metals and all types of fossil fuels – oil, natural gas, gas condensate, lignite, oil shale, uranium. There is a wide variety of resources including more than 100 types of minerals. According to confirmed reserves, Uzbekistan is one of the leading countries – not only amongst the CIS countries but in the entire world – for gold, uranium, copper, natural gas, tungsten, potassium salts, phosphates, kaolin. Uzbekistan is in 4th place for gold reserves, in 7th place for mining, in 10th place for copper reserves, 7th place for uranium reserves.
Water resources: People living in the Central Asian region have always sought the vicinity of water. They say in the Orient “where there is water, there is life”. Since ancient times, the sedentary population has chosen places to live next to rivers and canals. There are two rivers which flow through the territory of Uzbekistan: Amudarya and Syrdarya which begin outside the country. The Amudarya River flows through the lower part of the territory of Uzbekistan (1415 km) and the Syrdarya through its middle part (2212km). Lakes are sparse, most of them are located in mountainous regions at an altitude of 2000-3000m. Big lakes are: Sudochye in Amudarya River`s delta and Aydarkul. In Uzbekistan there is a large number of artificial reservoirs like Kattakurghan, Charvak, Chardara. The largest one is Aral which had to sacrifice a large part of its territory; travel agencies organize Aral Sea tours.
Tourism: For centuries, the cities of Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva were cultural centers on the Great Silk Road, making their contribution to the development of commercial relations between Europe and Asia, and to the mutual exchange of cultural and scientific achievements between the Orient and the Occident. Uzbekistan is an important tourist center not only for Central Asia but for the whole world, as it boasts more than 7000 monuments of architecture and art from different epochs and civilizations. Uzbekistan is in 9th place for the number of historical sites. Uzbekistan joined the world organization of cultural, science and education affairs of UNESCO in 1993. Sites in the historical centers of Bukhara, Khiva, Samarkand and Shkhrisabz are included in the list of world cultural heritage, and about 30 objects are at the stage of being included in this list.
According to official statistics, more than 2 million tourists have visited Uzbekistan. 83% feel it is a very safe country to travel around, 76 % recommended a visit to Uzbekistan to their compatriots, and 89 % of the tourists said that the most important particularity of the Uzbek people is their hospitality.
National and public holidays in Uzbekistan
January 1 – New Year;
March 8 – International Women’s Day;
March 21 – Nawruz (Eastern New Year);
May 9 – Memorial Day;
September 1 – Independence Day;
October 1 – Teacher’s Day;
December 8 – Constitution Day.
Religious holidays with varying dates:
Ramazan Hait (Eid);
Kurban Hait (Eid).
The national flag of Uzbekistan – After independence, Uzbekistan approved a national flag, national emblem and national anthem, which are sacred for each Uzbek citizen. All the colors and elements of these symbols were not chosen casually, they represent the national mentality.
The light blue color on the flag is a symbol of a peaceful blue sky and pure water. The color light blue is much esteemed in the Orient, chosen by Timur for the flag of his empire way back in history. It represents purity, loyalty, wisdom, and glory.
The color white is a symbol of peace and purity, the sacredness of peace and tranquility. It is a symbol of openness, clarity, honesty, a mark of the aspiration to inner perfection. The color white on the flag also represents the wish that the young country may proceed in its development in a clean, bright manner.
The color green is a symbol of natural renewal. For many nations it is a symbol of youth, hope and joy. It is a symbol of vast, fertile, green fields, a symbol of prosperity and abundance.
The red lines are a symbol of vital force, inexhaustibly flowing in the veins of every living organism, a symbol of life.
The crescent corresponds to the centuries-old traditions of people living in Uzbekistan. The 12 stars are the universe and perfection. The crescent and the stars are symbols of a cloudless sky and peace. The national flag is a symbol of the past, present and future of Uzbekistan.
The national emblem also has a deeper meaning. At the top of the emblem there is an octagonal star with the image of a crescent and star inside.Such octagonal elements can be seen in the majority of historical monuments, they represent happiness. The sun depicted on the emblem illuminates the way forward of our young country. The wheat ears are symbols of sustenance, cotton is an important commodity of our country. Wheat ears and cotton are intertwined with a band representing the unity of people living in Uzbekistan. In the center of the emblem, a mythical bird Humo is depicted with outspread wings, a symbol of renaissance and the love of freedom. This bird was also called Simurgh, “a bird of state”, “a bird of happiness”.
The third national symbol is an anthem written by the famous Uzbek poet Abdulla Oripov and composed by Mutavakkil Burkhanov.
Phone code of Uzbekistan: +998 (8-10 998)
Tashkent 71 international, 371 internal
Samarkand 662 international 366 internal
Bukhara 65 international 365 internal
Khiva 6237 international 36237 internal.